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\pard\plain \sb0\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5137\margrsxn3117\margtsxn1223\margbsxn360\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb666\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5137\margrsxn3117\margtsxn1223\margbsxn360\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr914\colno2\colw2351 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 i\sub 7\nosupersub 6}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 MONUMENTS : EDICTS}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn835\margrsxn1440\margtsxn1223\margbsxn360\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4284\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 columns are the necking, the abacus adorned with \expndtw7 figures, and the sculpture in the round representing \expndtw2 any of the following animals: the lion, the bull, the \expndtw14 elephant, or the horse. The treatment of these \expndtw9 crowning pieces is so naturalistic, exquisite, and \expndtw6 spirited that some scholars have stoutly maintained that it was inspired by foreign art, either Greek or \expndtw-2 Persian. The excellence of these sculptures, if compared \expndtw0 with the earlier crude pieces like the Parkham statue, is \expndtw3 no doubt an enigma, and it cannot be satisfactorily explained unless we assume alien influences, or that \expndtw0 there was a sudden artistic outburst in India. Another \expndtw4 remarkable feature of the pillars is the fine polish of \expndtw3 their surface, which misled some observers even into \expndtw4 the belief that they were metallic. Curiously enough, \expndtw-1 this sort of polish is not to be found in later monuments, \expndtw3 as if the art of imparting it was lost after the time of \expndtw9 As*oka. On the whole, as Vincent Smith lightly \expndtw3 remarks, "their fabrication, conveyance, and erection \expndtw7 bear eloquent testimony to the skill and resource of \expndtw6 the stone-cutters and engineers of the Maurya age."\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4302\fi0\ri0\sb137\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Edicts}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4295\fi472\ri36\sb112\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 The inscriptions of A\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 oka\super 2\nosupersub  are a unique collection \expndtw7 of documents. They give us insight into his innet \expndtw1 feelings and ideals, and transmit across the centuries \expndtw5 almost the very words of the great Emperor. These \expndtw0 edicts, "rugged, uncouth, involved, full of repetitions" \expndtw-2 (Rhys Davids), may be divided into several classes as \expndtw-4 follows :}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5126\margrsxn1454\margtsxn1223\margbsxn360\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \li0\ri0\sb0\sa0\pvpara\phmrg\posnegx-3960\posnegy259\absw0\absh3556\nowrap\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\pict\wmetafile8\picw3327\pich6273\picwgoal1886\pichgoal3556
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\plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi878\ri0\sb284\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 rd ed., pp. 120-21. \super\expndtw-5 2\nosupersub  In the Edicts As*oka uniformly calls himself \i Devdnam-ptya \expndtw-1 Ptyadasi Rq/a. \i0 It is only in the Maski version of M.R.E.I. that the \expndtw7 name Asoka occurs. Other records, in which it is mentioned, \expndtw1 are the Junagadh inscription of Rudradaman dated year 72=150 \expndtw0 A.D. \i (Ep. Ind. \i0 VIII, pp. 36-49), and the Sarnath inscription of Kumaradevi \i (Ibid., \i0 IX, pp. 319-28).}\par }